The documentation for Plume.
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Installing Plume (for development or production)


In order to be installed and to work correctly, Plume needs:

  • Git (to get the code)
  • Curl (for RustUp, the Rust installer)
  • GCC and make (to compile C dependencies)
  • PostgreSQL or SQlite 3 development files (for the database)
  • GetText (to manage translations)
  • Rust and Cargo (to build the code)
  • OpenSSL and OpenSSL librairies (for security)
  • xz (for gettext-sys compilation)
  • pkg-config (for openssl-sys compilation)

All the following instructions will need a terminal.

Here are the commands to install PostgreSQL and GetText on various operating systems. Some of them may need root permissions.

You can also install the project using Docker and docker-compose, please refer to the Docker install section.

On Debian:

apt update

# If you want PostgreSQL
apt install gettext postgresql postgresql-contrib libpq-dev git curl gcc make openssl libssl-dev xz-utils pkg-config

# If you want SQlite
apt install gettext libsqlite3-dev git curl gcc make openssl libssl-dev xz-utils pkg-config

On Fedora, CentOS or RHEL:

# If you want PostgreSQL
dnf install postgresql-server postgresql-contrib libpqxx libpqxx-devel git curl gcc make openssl openssl-devel gettext

# If you want SQLite
dnf install libsq3-devel sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev git curl gcc make openssl openssl-devel gettext

On Gentoo:

emerge --sync

# If you want PostgreSQL
emerge -avu dev-db/postgresql dev-vcs/git sys-devel/gettext

# If you want SQlite
emerge -avu dev-db/sqlite dev-vcs/git sys-devel/gettext

On Mac OS X, with Homebrew:

brew update

# For PostgreSQL
brew install postgres gettext git

# For SQlite (already present, so only GetText and Git are needed)
brew install gettext git

Configuring PostgreSQL

You can either run PostgreSQL from the machine that runs Plume, or from another server. We recommend you to use the first setup for development environments, or in production for small instances.

In the first case, just run this command after the PostgreSQL installation, to start it:

service postgresql start

If you want to have two separate machines, run these commands on the database server once you've installed the dependencies mentioned above on both servers:

service postgresql start
su - postgres
createuser -d -P plume
createdb -O plume plume

Creating a new user (optional)

This step is recommended if you are in a production environment, but it is not necessary.

adduser plume
su - plume
cd ~

Creating a new user will let you use systemd to manage Plume if you want (see the dedicated section below).

Installing Rust and Cargo

We said that Plume needed Rust and Cargo to work, but we didn't install them at the same time as PostgreSQL and GetText, because there is an universal installation method called RustUp.

You can install it on GNU/Linux and Mac OS X with:

curl -sSf | sh

When asked, choose the "1) Proceed with installation (default)" option.

Then run this command to be able to run cargo in the current session:

export PATH="$PATH:/home/plume/.cargo/bin:/home/plume/.local/bin:/usr/local/sbin"

On Windows, you'll need, if you don't already have them, to download and install the Visual C++ 2015 Build Tools. Then, download the rustup installer and run it.

Getting Plume's source code

Plume needs to be compiled from source. To download the code, run:

git clone
cd Plume

# If you want PostgreSQL
export FEATURES=postgres

# If you want SQlite
export FEATURES=sqlite

Configuring Plume

Before starting Plume, you'll need to create a configuration file, called .env. Here is a sample of what you should put inside.

# The address of the database
# (replace USER, PASSWORD, PORT and DATABASE_NAME with your values)
# If you are using SQlite, use the path of the database file (`plume.db` for instance)

# For PostgreSQL: migrations/postgres
# For SQlite: migrations/sqlite

# The domain on which your instance will be available

# Secret key used for private cookies and CSRF protection
# You can generate one with `openssl rand -base64 32`

For more information about what you can put in your .env, see the documentation about environment variables.

Running migrations

Migrations are scripts used to update the database. They are run by a tool called Diesel, which can be installed with:

cargo install diesel_cli --no-default-features --features $FEATURES --version '=1.3.0'

To run the migrations, you can do:

diesel migration run

Migrations should be run before using Plume or the plm CLI tool, and after each update. When in doubt, run them.

Running Plume

Then, you'll need to install Plume and the CLI tools to manage your instance.

cargo install --no-default-features --features $FEATURES
cargo install --no-default-features --features $FEATURES --path plume-cli

After that, you'll need to setup your instance, and the admin's account.

plm instance new
plm users new --admin

You will also need to initialise search index

plm search init -p path/to/plume/workingdir

For more information about these commands, and the arguments you can give them, check out their documentaion.

Finally, you can start Plume with:


We may provide precompiled packages in the future; if you have experience in these fields and want to help, feel free to discuss this in issues and to propose pull-requests!

Docker install

You can use docker and docker-compose in order to manage your Plume instance and have it isolated from your host:

git clone
cd Plume
cp docs/docker-compose.sample.yml docker-compose.yml
cp docs/docker.sample.env .env

# Build the containers
docker-compose build

# Launch the database
docker-compose up -d postgres
# Setup the database (create it and run migrations)
docker-compose run --rm plume diesel database setup

# Setup your instance
docker-compose run --rm plume plm instance new
docker-compose run --rm plume plm users new --admin
docker-compose run --rm plume plm search init

# Launch your instance for good
docker-compose up -d

Then, you can configure your reverse proxy.

Configuring Nginx

Here is a sample Nginx configuration for a Plume instance (replace with your domain name):

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    location /.well-known/acme-challenge {}
    location / {
        return 301 https://$host$request_uri;

server {
    listen 443 ssl http2;
    listen [::]:443 ssl http2;

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log;
    root /home/plume/Plume/ ;

    SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/
    SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/

    # for ssl conf:
	ssl_protocols TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;# Requires nginx >= 1.13.0 else use TLSv1.2
	ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
	ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem;# openssl dhparam -out /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparam.pem 4096
	ssl_ecdh_curve secp384r1; # Requires nginx >= 1.1.0
	ssl_session_timeout  10m;
	ssl_session_cache shared:SSL:10m;
	ssl_session_tickets off; # Requires nginx >= 1.5.9
	ssl_stapling on; # Requires nginx >= 1.3.7
	ssl_stapling_verify on; # Requires nginx => 1.3.7
	resolver valid=300s;
	resolver_timeout 5s;
	add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload";
	add_header X-Frame-Options DENY;
	add_header X-Content-Type-Options nosniff;
	add_header X-XSS-Protection "1; mode=block";
	add_header Content-Security-Policy "default-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'; frame-ancestors 'self'; frame-src https:";

    location ~*  \.(jpg|jpeg|png|gif|ico|js|pdf)$ {
        add_header Cache-Control "public";
        expires 7d;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:7878/;
        proxy_set_header Host $http_host;
        proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
        client_max_body_size 10m;

Configuring Apache

If you prefer Apache, you can use this configuration (here too, replace with your domain):

<VirtualHost *:80>
    Redirect /
SSLStaplingCache "shmcb:logs/stapling-cache(150000)"
<VirtualHost *:443>
<Directory "/home/plume/Plume">
    Header always set Referrer-Policy "strict-origin-when-cross-origin"
    Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000"
    SSLEngine on

    # for cipher conf:
    SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 -TLSv1 -TLSv1.1
    SSLHonorCipherOrder On
    Header always set Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=63072000; includeSubDomains; preload"
    Header always set X-Frame-Options DENY
    Header always set X-Content-Type-Options nosniff
    SSLCompression off
    SSLUseStapling on

    # Requires Apache >= 2.4.11
    SSLSessionTickets Off

    SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/
    SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/
    SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/

    ProxyPreserveHost On
    RequestHeader set X-Forwarded-Proto "https"

    ProxyPass /
    ProxyPassReverse /

Configuring Caddyserver

If you prefer Caddyserver, you can use this configuration (again, replacing with your domain): {
    proxy / localhost:7878 {

Systemd integration

If you want to manage your Plume instance with systemd, you can use the following unit file (to be saved in /etc/systemd/system/plume.service):




Now you need to enable all of these services:

systemctl enable /etc/systemd/system/plume.service

Now start the services:

systemctl start plume.service

Check that they are properly running:

systemctl status plume.service

SysVinit integration

This script can also be useful if you are using SysVinit.

# Provides:
# Required-Start:    $remote_fs $syslog
# Required-Stop:     $remote_fs $syslog
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start daemon at boot time
# Description:       Federated blogging
# Based on


name=`basename $0`

get_pid() {
    cat "$pid_file"

is_running() {
    [ -f "$pid_file" ] && ps -p `get_pid` > /dev/null 2>&1

case "$1" in
    if is_running; then
        echo "Already started"
        echo "Starting $name"
        cd "$dir"
        if [ -z "$user" ]; then
            sudo $cmd >> "$stdout_log" 2>> "$stderr_log" &
            sudo -u "$user" $cmd >> "$stdout_log" 2>> "$stderr_log" &
        echo $! > "$pid_file"
        if ! is_running; then
            echo "Unable to start, see $stdout_log and $stderr_log"
            exit 1
    if is_running; then
        echo -n "Stopping $name.."
        kill `get_pid`
        for i in 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
        # for i in `seq 10`
            if ! is_running; then

            echo -n "."
            sleep 1

        if is_running; then
            echo "Not stopped; may still be shutting down or shutdown may have failed"
            exit 1
            echo "Stopped"
            if [ -f "$pid_file" ]; then
                rm "$pid_file"
        echo "Not running"
    $0 stop
    if is_running; then
        echo "Unable to stop, will not attempt to start"
        exit 1
    $0 start
    if is_running; then
        echo "Running"
        echo "Stopped"
        exit 1
    echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|restart|status}"
    exit 1

exit 0

Now start the services:

service plume.service start

And check:

service plume.service status

OpenRC integration

This script can also be useful if you are using OpenRC.

#! /sbin/openrc-run
description="plume : federated blogging"
start() {
ebegin "Starting plume"
start-stop-daemon -v --start --exec "/home/plume/.cargo/bin/cargo run" --user "plume" --chdir "/home/plume/Plume" --background --stdout "/var/log/plume.log" --stderr "/var/log/plume.err" --make-pidfile --pidfile "/run/plume" -- "phx.server"
eend $?

stop() {
ebegin "Stopping plume"
start-stop-daemon --stop --user "plume" --chdir "/home/plume/Plume" --pidfile "/run/plume"
eend $?

Now you need to enable all of these services:

 rc-update add plume

Now start the services:

/etc/init.d/plume start


  • Pgbouncer is not supported yet (named transactions are used).
  • Rust nightly is a moving target, dependancies can break and sometimes you need to check a few versions to find the one working (run rustup override set nightly-2018-07-17 in the Plume directory if you have issues during the compilation)


Most of this documentation has been written by gled-rs. The systemd unit file, Nginx and Apache configurations have been written by nonbinaryanargeek. Some parts (especially the instructions to install native dependencies) are from the Aardwolf project. The docker instructions, and files have been added by Eliot Berriot.